from the beginning, or ever the earth was.
when there were no fountains abounding with water.
before the hills was I brought forth...
when he set a compass upon the face of the deep:
when he strengthened the fountains of the deep:
that the waters should not pass his commandment:
and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him.
(Proverbs 8, where God's Wisdom, Hochmah, speaks as a woman)
In what way are these figures still influenced by pre-Christian Greek art? In what way do they show Christian influence?
"I am a scientist: I trace the lines that come from God."
Massacio's early Renaissance painting, about 1425 CE, was cleaned and restored to its original vibrancy in the 1980's. Massacio was one of the earliest European artists to recover the Classical tradition of the nude human body in motion, and in anatomical correctness. When historians cleaned the outer film of dirt away, they discovered that the original was quite different than the version we had come to know. During the more Puritanical age of the Reformation, three centuries after Massacio, leaves were placed over the figures' original sexuality. Now the painting is restored not only to its original color, but its original nakedness. What does this story from the history of art tell us about Western culture's changing attitudes toward sexuality?